# Math Brandon Academy Middle School Math Overview

Introduction to Middle School Mathematics

This 6th grade math course includes a curriculum that is the final stage and review before focusing on Algebraic concepts. Various topics are covered throughout the year to ensure students have a solid foundation before entering the next stage, algebra.  Ratios and proportional relationships, the number system and fluently computing with various types of numbers, and extending previous understandings of numbers, are just a few topics covered.  An introduction to geometry, algebraic expressions and solving algebraic equations are included so there will be a familiarity with these concepts going forward.

Pre-Algebra/Pre-Geometry

This course will lay the foundation for the future study of algebra and geometry by learning about the language of these courses, its properties, and methods of solving equations. A continuation and extension of previous understandings of operations with rational numbers is also a focus of this course.  The students will learn how to describe quantitative relationships using variables and equations. A more detailed exploration of geometry and use of formulas to find area, volume, perimeter, surface area and using the Pythagorean theorem are also covered. Students will use facts about angle relationships to write algebraic equations to solve multi-step problems for unknown angles in figures.

Algebra I Honors

This class is the first high school credit class available to math students in middle school. Students will continue their understanding between proportional relationships, lines and linear equations, and learn to solve linear equations and their pairs.  Both linear and quadratic functions will be defined, evaluated, and compared.  Students will learn to use different properties to simplify expressions involving monomials as well as multiply and divide using the properties of exponents and solve exponential equations. They will learn how to perform various operations with polynomials as well as factor quadratic expressions and use different methods to solve quadratic equations.  Students will work with radicals and perform various operations with radical expressions and solve radical equations. Topics include expressions, equations, real numbers, exponents, polynomials, radicals, quadratic equations, two variable equations, linear functions, rational expressions, absolute value, systems of equations, inequalities and an emphasis on problem solving and graphing.

Geometry Honors

Geometry is the second of two high school credit courses available to students in middle school. Algebra is a prerequisite course to geometry, as algebraic procedures will be used to solve problems and need to have been mastered. This course is designed to include activities and work that relate to geometry and its understanding. The study of geometry includes experiences and activities that relate to the value of geometry in life. Emphasis is placed on the use of reasoning skills, and two and three-dimensional modeling to solve problems, both mathematical and real-world. The students will demonstrate the ability to use fundamental concepts of geometry, including definitions, basic constructions, and tools of geometry. Students will explore and recognize geometric patterns using inductive reasoning, recognize examples of deductive reasoning, distinguish between inductive and deductive reasoning, identify and apply basic definitions of geometry, identify and apply postulates, write statements in if-then form and write their converses, construct a segment congruent to a given segment, use a number line to calculate distance, graph points and lines in the coordinate plane, and find the midpoint of a given segment, among other topics.