First Grade

Welcome to First Grade at Brandon Academy.  This class continues to enhance the skills covered in the areas of reading, math, writing/spelling, science, and social studies.  In addition to these core subjects, students take music, art, computer and physical education. Please see below for more information about each core subject

Reading - The overall goal for reading in first grade is for students to be able to read fluently and to comprehend the material they are reading.
  • This is accomplished through repeated readings of text, class plays, novel units, buddy reading and small reading groups.
  • Students also have access to a wide variety of literature in the classroom library.
Skills
At the start of first grade, students: 
  • Can read short stories and decodable text independently
  • Have a solid foundation of basic sight words and basic phonic skills
  • Know the difference between Fiction and Nonfiction text
By the middle of first grade, students are able to:
  • Begin to read short chapter books independently
  • Apply fluency skills, including pacing, expression and accuracy
  • Begin developing basic comprehension skills, including cause and effect, problem and solution, character development, main idea and details
  • Sequence Events in a story and/or chapter
  • Identify Important Details in a story
By the end of first grade students are able to:
  • Read chapter books independently with appropriate pace, accuracy and expression
  • Summarize chapters independently by identifying important details and using those details in order;
  • Continue to develop comprehension skills, including cause and effect, problem ad solution, character development, main idea and details
Reading Novel Units
  • Magic Tree House- Mummies in the Morning
  • Dragon Slayer’s Academy- The New Kid at School
  • Magic Tree House- Polar Bears Past Bedtime
  • Magic Tree House- Vacation Under the Volcano
  • Ballpark Mysteries- Fenway Foul-Up
  • Charlotte’s Web
Math - The overall goal for math in first grade is for students to develop a solid number sense (including place value to the hundreds place and identifying greater than and less than numbers) and to have a solid foundation of addition and subtraction.  Students are working a grade level ahead in a 2nd grade book
 
Math- Skills
Beginning of the Year-Students entering first grade should be able to:
  • Count forward and backwards (up to 100)
  • Identify numbers to 100
  • Be able to add and subtract basic facts (can use tools such as a number line of fingers to help)
  • Identify basic shapes
  • Skip Count by 2s, 5s and 10s
Middle of the Year-In the first semester we work on the following concepts:
  • Identify Hundreds, Tens and Ones Place
  • Add Double Digit Numbers (with Regrouping)
  • Use problem solving strategies, including repeated addition to solve problems
  • Skip count by 3s, 4s
  • Even/Odd numbers
  • Money- Use Dimes, Nickels, Pennies, Quarters and Dollars correctly
  • Time- Identify time to the hour and half- hour
End of the Year-In the second semester we work on the following concepts
  • Subtract 2 Digit Numbers (with regrouping)
  • Add 3 Digit Numbers
  • Identify Solid Figures
  • Identify Pattern Units and Continue patterns (growing and repeating)
  • Use Centimeters and Inches to measure items
  • Determine Perimeter of objects
  • Understand weight-using grams, kilograms, ounces and pounds,
  • Understand Capacity (cups, pints, quarts, gallons)
  • Determine volume of shapes using manipulatives
Writing/ Language Arts - The overall goal in first grade writing is for students to be able to communicate ideas using complete and correct sentences.
 
Language Arts Units include:
  • Sentences/ Questions
  • Nouns
  • Verbs
  • Adjectives
  • Capitalization and Punctuation
  • Writing Styles
  • Expository
  • Informational Writing
  • Descriptive Writing
  • Letter Writing
  • Persuasive/ Opinion Writing
  • How- To Writing
  • Narrative Writing
  • Personal Narratives
  • Journal Writing
  • Fictional Narrative
  • Poetry
Writing Skills
Beginning of the Year
  • Use phonetic alphabet to spell words
  • Write 2-3 sentences on a topic
  • Draw and label a picture to communicate their ideas
Middle of the Year
  • Write 4-5 sentences on a topic
  • Use capital letters and punctuation correctly
  • Use correct spelling and/or correct phonetic spelling
  • Use a topic sentence to start their writing
End of the Year
  • Write 6 or more sentences on a topic, including a topic sentence, detail sentences and an ending sentence
  • Indent paragraphs
  • Use capitalization and punctuation correctly
  • Use complete sentences to convey ideas
  • Use a varied vocabulary
  • Use correct spelling (or correct phonetic spelling when appropriate)
  • Use topic and ending sentences correctly
Science - Students explore life science, earth science and physical science in a variety of ways, including labs, field trips, and projects.
  • Life Science- Plants, Animals, People, Habitats, Living/Nonliving Things
  • Earth Science- Rocks and Minerals, Weather, Volcanoes, Layers of the Earth, Water Cycle, Space
  • Physical Science- States of Matter, Energy and Force
Social Studies - In this subject area, students are encouraged to develop a better understanding of our world through the exploration of a variety of topics.
  • Community
  • Johnny Appleseed
  • Our World- Continents and Oceans
  • Ancient Egypt
  • Pilgrims/ Native Americans/ The First Thanksgiving
  • Holidays Around the World, with an emphasis on Diwali
  • Ancient Rome
  • USA
  • Economics (Needs, Wants, Goods, Services, Jobs)
  • Ancient China